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Newmarket (2006 Population 74,295) is a town located approximately 45km north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is part of the Greater Toronto Area and the Golden Horseshoe in an area known as the "905 Region" (a reference to the GTA's telephone area code outside Toronto proper). Newmarket is well connected via highway to the Toronto area, served by three interchanges along Highway 404 and connected to Highway 9. Newmarket is the seat of York Region. Southlake Regional Health Centre (hospital) is located in Newmarket.
Newmarket has an area of 38.07 km˛. The town is bounded on the north by the Town of East Gwillimbury, on the east by the Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville, on the south by the Town of Aurora, and on the west by King Township, themselves all part of York Region as well.
Newmarket lies north of the Oak Ridges Moraine. Hence, all drainage in the town flows northwards into Lake Simcoe. The main river in Newmarket is the East Holland River, and all other streams in the town are tributary thereto. These include Bogart Creek, a brook that wends its way into town from the moraine by way of Bogarttown emptying into the Holland in north-central Newmarket, Western Creek, another brook rising just west of town and reaching the Holland in the town's north end, Tannery Creek, a stream that joins the Holland in south Newmarket after flowing through Aurora, and a number of other small watercourses.
There are two man-made lakes in Newmarket. Fairy Lake, a favourite recreational spot in the centre of town, and Bogart Pond. Newmarket also lies south of and above the Algonquin Shoreline where elevations suddenly drop off from the gently rolling hills that characterize much of Newmarket to the much flatter, lower land down below in the Holland Marsh.
According to the 2006 Census, the town's population is 74,295. According to the same source, the population projection for 2011 is 87,000. Given the town's area, its latest population figure puts Newmarket's population density at just over 2036 inhabitants per square kilometre. The town offers data about the cultural composition of its residents.
Newmarket has 15 elementary schools and 4 secondary schools under The York Region District School Board, 6 elementary schools and 1 secondary school under The York Catholic District School Board, and Pickering College, a private school.
The four secondary schools under the York Region District School Board are (in order that they were originally built):
- Newmarket High School
- Huron Heights Secondary School
- Dr. John M. Denison Secondary School
- Sir William Mulock Secondary School
There is currently just one secondary school under the leadership of the York Catholic District School Board:
- Sacred Heart Catholic High School
There are also several private coeducational day schools in Newmarket:
- Pickering College
- Newmarket and District Christian Academy
- Newmarket Montessori
Sports and recreation
Newmarket is represented in the Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League by the Newmarket Hurricanes (originally called the "87's"), whose home rink is Ray Twinney Complex. The 'Canes have an ongoing rivalry with the nearby Aurora Tigers.
Newmarket was previously home to the following teams:
- Newmarket Saints from 1986 to 1991, a farm team of the Toronto Maple Leafs who moved up from St.Catharines. The franchise was later moved to St.John's, Newfoundland and became the St. John's Maple Leafs. Currently the Toronto Maple Leafs' farm team is the Toronto Marlies playing out of the recently renovated Ricoh Coliseum on the CNE grounds.
- Newmarket Royals from 1992 to 1994. This was a franchise of the Ontario Hockey League who were previously the Cornwall Royals and in 1994 moved again to become the Sarnia Sting.
- Newmarket Flyers from 1975 to 1986, OPJHL Jr. A (formerly The Seneca Flyers)
- Newmarket Redmen from late 1920s to 1972 Jr. B
Two golf courses exist within Newmarket's town limits:
- St. Andrew's Valley (public)
- Glenway Country Club (private)
There are also several courses in the surrounding communities and countryside.
Four public swim places exist throughout Newmarket: Ray Twinney Complex, Gorham Pool, which is open only in the summer, The Main Pool, and the newly-built Magna Centre. Newmarket also has two swim teams: Team Aquadome, and the Newmarket Stingrays.
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